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A Guide to Treatment of Facial Trauma

Facial and dental trauma management has evolved drastically within the past few decades. While there still are challenges in the area of maxillofacial injury, the technological advancements in dental sciences have made facial trauma treatment much easier and safer for everyone. 

What is Facial Trauma?

Facial trauma refers to broken bones or injuries in the facial cavity, such as cheekbones, nose, jaw, teeth, and bones around the eyes. Facial injuries can result from falling from a height, a motor vehicle accident, or any sporting incident. 

Alternatively known as maxillofacial injury, facial traumas are complex and can severely disrupt your life. Treatment for such conditions requires special attention from qualified and well-experienced oral surgeons. 

It is strongly recommended not to treat these situations with at-home remedies like hot or cold compressions. 

What are the Symptoms of Facial Trauma?

A few prominent symptoms of facial trauma are bruises, pain, swelling, and inability to move your jaw. Other symptoms include:

  • Nasal Fracture

  • Pain 
  • Swelling 
  • Bleeding
  • Bruises around the nose
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Frontal Bone Fracture

  • The forehead appears as if it has been pushed inward.
  • Discomfort and pain around the sinus.
  • Eye injuries.
  • Zygomatic Maxillofacial Fracture

  • Discomfort or pain during jaw movement.
  • Eyesight problems.
  • Flatness of the cheeks.
  • Altered sensations in the area underneath the eye.
  • Orbital Fracture

  • Black eye.
  • Swelling of cheek or forehead.
  • Decreased or blurry vision.
  • Redness or bleeding in the eye’s white portion.
  • Numbness in the cheeks, upper lips, eyelids, or forehead.
  • Broken Jaw

  • Loose or knocked out tooth.
  • Inability to bring the jaw together.
  • Swelling, pain, or discomfort in and around the jaw area.
  • Bruise under the tongue.
  • Numbness in the chin or lower lip.
  • Bruise or tenderness along the jaw and below the ear.

Diagnosis of Facial Trauma and Recovery

If you or your loved one has undergone a maxillofacial injury, visit a professional oral surgeon at the earliest to get a physical examination and an X-ray. They will primarily look for any swelling or discomfort in the affected area and check whether the jaw or peripheral bones show restricted movement. 

Bone injuries in the jaw or forehead often take a long time to heal. The need for surgical treatment may also arise if you or your loved one has undergone a fracture. It is advisable to go to a well-experienced facial and dental surgeon to ensure getting the right treatment for the injuries. 

Once the surgery is accomplished, the body continues to heal to produce scar tissues. Most scar tissues and collagen are formed during the proliferation phase, followed by the remodeling phase. During the remodeling phase, the scar tissues get rebuilt to become more functional.

Generally, the treatment for facial trauma calls for professional expertise as it involves dealing with complex and sensitive facial muscles and structures. This is a significant reason hiring a professional dental trauma expert is recommended to treat facial trauma injuries.

About us

Dental problems arise out of the blue and can mess with your busy lives. So, if you need a dental trauma doctor, we are here to help! 

Premier Oral Surgery offers a range of oral and maxillofacial surgery services, such as bone grafts, implant placement, and removal of wisdom or impacted teeth. Call 203-939-9390 or send us your concerns at to know more!

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