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What is Wisdom teeth, and When can it cause problems?

Wisdom teeth are the set of upper and lower last molars located at the back of your mouth. They emerge during the wisdom years or between the age group of 17 to 21 years. A wisdom tooth often grows by pushing the other teeth, causing overcrowding or alignment issues. A healthy set of wisdom teeth growing in the correct position don’t cause problems. However, your dentist may advise the extraction of your wisdom tooth to prevent potential complications in the future.

Here are the top eight signs when wisdom tooth can cause problems:

Impacted wisdom teeth

Some wisdom teeth don’t get enough space to emerge and develop naturally from the gums. Such impacted wisdom tooth can lead to the following problems:

  • Swelling, stiffness, and pain in the jaw 
  • Tenderness and bleeding in gums
  • Bad breath
  • Difficulty in jaw movement

Incorrect growth

Sometimes a wisdom tooth may cause alignment issues by taking too much space in the mouth or growing at an awkward angle. Braces are the cure to misalignment issues. However, if the mouth is overcrowded, then wisdom tooth extraction is the best option. 

Pain and irritation

A growing wisdom tooth can cause severe toothaches in the mouth. The pain often leads to discomfort while chewing or speaking. X-rays and diagnosis help determine whether the root cause of pain is tooth decay or a growing wisdom tooth. Depending upon the condition of your wisdom tooth, your dentist may or may not recommend a tooth extraction. 

Difficulty in chewing

Patients facing uneasiness and pain while chewing is a common reason for wisdom tooth extraction. Due to improper growth of wisdom teeth, the food may get stuck on top of the tooth or between the gums. Improper cleaning can lead to various tooth problems. Therefore, checking with a dentist is the best way to resolve the issue.

Cyst formation

A wisdom tooth grows in a sac within the jawbone. When the sac gets filled with fluid, it forms a cyst. If a cyst is left untreated, it can damage the teeth, jawbones, nerves, and surrounding structure. In severe cases, it can turn into a tumor (usually non-cancerous) which requires additional surgery to remove the affected tissues and bones.


A wisdom tooth may cause sinus problems while developing on the upper jawbone. Sometimes, a growing wisdom tooth can push and rub against the sinuses while laying pressure on them. It leads to sinus causing headaches, pain, stress, and congestion.


The growing position of a wisdom tooth can impact the regular cleaning due to excessive pain. Pockets can develop due to gums irritation and save ample space for bacteria to grow. It encourages cavity development leading to various oral infections.

Inflammation in gums

Sometimes a budding wisdom tooth can create flapping of gum tissues residing next to the tooth. The gum tissue attracts bacteria by trapping food particles. Pericoronitis is a condition where tissue inflammation causes sensitivity around the tooth area, making it hard to clean. It can also develop around your sprouting wisdom tooth that is still underneath the gums.

About Premier Oral Surgery

If you need a wisdom tooth treatment, Premier Oral Surgery is the perfect one-stop solution for you. We are a comprehensive oral and maxillofacial surgery practice that aims to provide high-quality care to every patient. We specialize in various oral surgeries, including implant placement, bone grafts, and wisdom teeth removal, and offer IV sedation as well. To book an appointment, you can call us at 203-939-9390. Please write to us at

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